The First Photography
Man’s desire to be able to take photographs goes back hundreds of years. From the eleventh to the sixteenth century, there was a device called “the camera obscura”, which was a forerunner of the photography camera. It’s purpose which could be traced by hand as to show on paper an image which could be traced by hand to give accurate drawings of natural scenes.
In 1802, two men, Wedgwood and Humphry, took an important step forward. contact printing on paper coated with silver nitrate or silver chloride was used to record, silhouettes and images of painting made upon the glass. However, after several attempts, they failed to make these prints permanent.
In 1816, Joseph Niepce made a photography camera, with which he could get a negative image. And in 1835, William Talbot was able to obtain permanent images. The first person to make positives from negatives was Talbot. Talbot was the first to make enlargements by photography, and the first to publish (in 1844) a book illustrated with photographs.
From then on, a whole series of improvements and developments came on after the other. The popular Kodak box camera was placed on the market in 1888 and photography as we know it was on its way.
Most photography processes depend upon the fact that the chemical silver nitrate reacts to light by turning black. And this was discovered way back in the seventeenth century by alchemists who were trying to find a way to turn common metals to gold.