Kinds Of Apples
There are enough varieties of apples to satisfy everybody’s taste. In the united kingdom alone, more than 2,000 varieties of apples have been recorded. And when you consider the whole world, there are probably a few thousand more.
We know that it is one of the earliest fruits raised by man. The apple probably originated in South-Eastern Europe and southwestern Asia and was raised and eaten by the very earliest inhabitants there.
More than 2,000 years ago, different varieties of apples were already being grown in Europe. In ancient Rome, the inhabitants enjoyed seven different varieties of apples.
How are all these varieties obtained? A great deal of experimenting is always being carried out by apple growers. When you graft a bud or twig of any variety on to any kind of young apple tree, the mature tree yields apples of the same variety as the graft.
So nurserymen always experiment with grafting and by fertilizing the blossoms to cross-breed them.
Up to the 17th century, there were two main kinds of apples grown in Britain, known as Costards and Collins.
During the 14th century, however, grafts of good quality dessert apples were introduced from France. They had a red skin and became known as pippins, but it was not until 1830 that a Mr. Cox of slough produced his famous Cox’s, Orange Pippin. Another famous apple, the Worcester Pearmain, was introduced by a Mr. Hale of Worcester in 1873. Even today, in spite of the 2,000 varieties recorded in the United Kingdom, only 20 are grown commercially.
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